- Koi pond themed jigsaw puzzle
- 1000 interlocking pieces
- Measures 26.625″ x 19.25″
- Made in the USA
Cobble Hill Puzzle Company Koi Pond 1000 Piece Jigsaw Puzzle
Maximizes growth and body confirmation in large koi (8″ or more). High utilization protein process and inclusion of zeolite results in cleaner, clearer water. Plus high palatability from polychaete worms and bound amino acids.
It was a devastating scene as molasses blanketed the reef killing thousands of fish along the shoreline in September 2013.
Sixteen months later, Matson admitted to two misdemeanor counts of violating the Rivers and Harbors Act by failing to property fix a leaky pipe which discharged close to a quarter million gallons of molasses in Honolulu Harbor.
Matson agreed to a million-dollar penalty–$400,000 in an outright fine and 600,000 is to go for restitution.
A federal court gave the nod to the plea deal Thursday.
“We are happy this matter behind us. We appreciate the professionalism of the U.S. attorney. The State of Hawaii still has a pending investigation which we are continuing to cooperate with,” said Peter Heilmann, vice-president of Matson Terminals.
The state had been in talks with Matson over damages it incurred responding to the environmental disaster, although a lawsuit has yet to be filed.
Following the court hearing, the EPA released a statement.
“Today’s sentence sends a strong message that corporations have an obligation to fix system failures before they harm human health, and the environment,” said EPA criminal enforcement agent Jay Green.
And EPA Regional Administrator Jered Blumenfeld called it a victory for Oahu’s coastal waters, bolstering local community efforts to maintain the health of their coral reefs and beaches.
The plea deal had been announced last year but the court had some reservations about the payout to the nonprofits and until Thursday, the Waikiki Aquarium and Sustainable Coastlines couldn’t count on anything.
“We are extremely ecstatic. It’s been a nerve-wracking month and a half, yet we didn’t really expect it we just kept our heads down and did the work we needed to do and this will let us exponentially reach the communities of Hawaii,” said Kahe Pacarro. of Sustainable Coastlines.
”Compliments to Matson for recognizing the coral reefs of Hawaii are in a precarious state, and for recognizing the work the aquarium has done for coral propagation,” said Aquarium director Andrew Rossiter.
Rossiter says the money was an unexpected boost to its research.
“We have already earmarked it. We have expanded the coral propagation area behind the scenes. We will able to do more to hopefully repopulate Hawaii’s reefs,” said Rossiter.
The share of $300,000 is three times the annual budget for Sustainable Coastlines which should sustain it for some years to come.
KITV has inquired about the talks between the state and Matson.
A lawsuit has yet to be filed, and we were told nothing would happen until a new state attorney general formally takes office. At last check, a confirmation hearing had not yet been scheduled.
3 Single LED light with 4 color lenses.
Super bright outdoor LED lights. Can be used in the garden, around the pond or submerged underwater. The long cable allows you to set it where you want. The unit has an adjustable bracket allowing you to tilt the light at different angles. 4-colored lenses allow you to create different effects. The light can be used underwater or in your garden.
1. 12-LED per light
2. Red, blue, green and yellow colored lenses.
3. Swivel unit so can be angled to suit your needs.
4. Low Voltage transformer.
5. Used In and out of water
6. 16ft cable from the plug to the light
7. saving you up to 80% in energy use compared to other pond lighting
Fountec is non-hazardous, non-staining and non-foaming. It is safe for birds, plants, and animals but not for fish. Fountec is the most effective, environmentally friendly product now available for fountain treatment.
This Jan. 20, 2015 photo shows Bryce, a blind harbor seal pup, at the Alaska SeaLife Center in Seward, Alaska. The seal, rescued in December, was deemed unfit to be released back into the wild. (AP Photo/Alaska SeaLife Center, Jenna Miller)
AP Photo/Alaska SeaLife Center, Jenna Miller
SEWARD, Alaska – A blind harbour seal is learning basic behaviours such as being fed by hand at an Alaska aquarium.
Officials at the Alaska SeaLife Center in Seward say the pup, named Bryce, was rescued in late December in Homer, Alaska.
The veterinary staff at the centre believes he suffered a head trauma, which caused his blindness.
Officials say in a release that Bryce is learning basic husbandry behaviours, such as hand-feeding and learning how to target based on audible cues when staff members shake a rattle in place of a target buoy.
Centre staff members say he might have improving sight, but only in one eye.
Federal officials say Bryce can’t be released back into the wild, so he will stay at the centre until a permanent home can be found.
Impress your fairy friends in the miniature garden by adding a decorative Tranquil Koi Pond to your cottage landscaping. A stacked grayish colored stone wall forms the borders of the pond. Four colorful Koi Fish look like they are swimming around the clear polyresin pond and it feels as if they are anxiously waiting for someone to throw fish food their way. Consider adding a fairy near the pond to watch the fish swim and frolic. The miniature fish are white with traditional, bright, golden orange spots on their backs. Black dots add a distinguished pattern to the fish. Place the Tranquil Koi Pond alongside a meandering pathway made of Mini River Rock leading to the Zen Garden Bridge to create a tranquil Zen miniature garden. (Note: Miniatures are small items that pose potential choking hazards to small children. They are not toys. Any accessories pictured are not included, for illustrative purposes only.)
Published at 16:07, Friday, 23 January 2015
A rare turtle found washed up on a Cumbrian beach and being cared for at a county aquarium has died.
Kemp’s Ridley sea turtle
The Kemp’s ridley sea turtle died this morning shortly before it was due to be moved from Maryport aquarium to the Lakes Aquarium, Windermere, where it was to be tube fed in a last resort to save its life.
Marine biologist and BDMLR Cumbria co-ordinator Sarah Neill, who was due to transfer the turtle, said: “We are all obviously absolutely gutted but I’m so grateful to Maryport Aquarium and Millcroft Vets for all their help and support throughout the rescue.
“We have all learned a great deal and will be prepared for next time, if there is a next time.”
The male turtle’s body will be sent to the Cetacean Strandings Investigation Programme for a post mortem examination.
Sealife experts have been caring for the Kemp’s ridley – the world’s rarest sea turtle – which was discovered on Walney, since December 20.
The species is usually spotted in the Gulf of Mexico but may have been “cold-stunned” by a drop in temperatures before being carried 5,000 miles across the Atlantic by the Gulf Stream.
Experts believe there could be as few as 1,000 breeding female Kemp’s ridley’s left.
Published by http://www.newsandstar.co.uk
Carbon is the foundation of all life. Every organic molecule of every living microorganism is predominantly carbon based. Given this simple reality, it becomes clear why carbon dioxide (CO2) plays a crucial part in the grown aquarium. Marine plants extract CARBON DIOXIDE from their setting as well as use it in a procedure called photosynthesis. Photosynthesis incorporates CO2, water and also light energy to create straightforward carbs and also oxygen (O2).
Growth rates of marine plants are highly correlated1 with accessibility of carbon as well as the plant’s affinity for carbon uptake. Studies1 have actually revealed that plants with the best carbon affinity have the greatest development rates, whereas those with lower carbon fondness have similarly slower development rates. Since carbon accessibility is normally the limiting factor to growth, addition of CARBON DIOXIDE to a grown fish tank will certainly consistently lead to big rises in development (assuming various other crucial components are not doing not have).
Without added CARBON DIOXIDE the growth rate will certainly be dependent on the rate at which atmospheric CARBON DIOXIDE equilibrates right into the water. CO2 will dissolve right into CO2-free water to a degree that depends on the air pressure, temperature level, pH and also bicarbonate/carbonate material of the water. The last concentration of CO2 in the water depends entirely on those aspects. When that focus is accomplished, the degree of CARBON DIOXIDE will certainly not transform unless the plants remove it or among the various other factors is altered.
Plants remove CO2 at a rate much higher than the rate at which it equilibrates into the water. So at the height of CARBON DIOXIDE application, the plants limit their own growth by making using of up all available CARBON DIOXIDE. Considering that CARBON DIOXIDE is an important element of the bicarbonate buffer system, a drop in CO2 will necessarily lead to a surge in pH. As the pH increases, the inflow of extra climatic CARBON DIOXIDE will certainly be lessened by its conversion to bicarbonate.
This is offset somewhat by hard water plants that can use bicarbonate straight. Nevertheless, without routine water modifications or buffer additions (Alkaline Buffer or Fluid Alkaline Buffer ), this course will at some point result in finish exhaustion of the KH (carbonate hardness) which will cause significant pH swings from day to night (5.7 – 9.6).1.
CO2 Unit & Planted Aquariums CARBON DIOXIDE shot bypasses this dilemma by providing a continuous source of CARBON DIOXIDE. Since the introduction of CARBON DIOXIDE will certainly reduce pH, you have 2 options: (1) Monitor and adjust the rate of CARBON DIOXIDE addition to precisely match the use by the plants or (2) utilize a pH comments metering system, such as a pH controller. Option (2) is excellent due to the fact that as the pH drops here a certain factor, the CARBON DIOXIDE switches off, therefore preventing disastrous pH drops.
If you are almost ready for the preliminary investment in a CARBON DIOXIDE injection system yet would still like to appreciate a few of the perks of including additional carbon, there is an alternative: Flourish Excel. It offers a basic natural carbon particle (just like what is described above in the photosynthesis discussion) that plants can use as a building block for a lot more complicated carbs. Considering that Flourish Excel is an organic carbon source, it does not influence pH. Even if you are currently making use of CARBON DIOXIDE, you could still acquire an advancing benefit by using Flourish Excel in conjunction with CO2.
Hikari Staple is an economical, daily diet for koi as well as other pond fishes. It contains all the basic nutrition your fish need to live a long and healthy life. High in stabilized vitamin C, Hikari Staple supports immune system health. If you’re looking for the best diet for your pet and pocketbook this is it.
Feature: The Jebao 36W Ultraviolet Sterilizer is used to destroy single celled organisms such as water borne bacteria and viruses. The sterilizer is also used to control algae and and to kill fungi and protozoa. Aqua Ultraviolet Sterilizers are recommended for both fresh and salt water systems as well as ponds. The ultraviolet lamp emits a germicidal ray which alters or disrupts the DNA or RNA of targeted organisms such as algae, bacteria and protozoa. The Aqua ultraviolet sterilizer works better on filtered water. Any debris in the water can inhibit UV transmission. Instructions: The Jebao 36W Ultraviolet Sterilizer can be installed vertically or horizontally. The best place to install your UV sterilizer is after the filter. If it is necessary to install the sterilizer before the filter, adequate pre-filtration should be used to prevent the quartz sleeve from breaking from debris. If your system is installed after the filter and is properly sized, the water should be clear in 3-5 days. If it is installed before the filter, the water should be cleared in 7-10 days. The Jebao 36W Ultraviolet quartz sleeve may need to be cleaned to remove film from the surface that will hinder the effectiveness of the UV. It can be cleaned with swimming pool muratic acid, lime away or a similar product. Do not use any type of abrasive substance on the quartz sleeve as it may scratch the quartz.
The Laguna Aeration Kit enhances pond water quality all year round. It works to prevent pond surfaces from completely freezing over in winter and allows for proper oxygen and gas exchange necessary for fish to survive. The Aeration Kit enhances oxygen levels in water gardens and ponds and is beneficial for any size pond. The Laguna Aeration Kit includes a powerful aeration pump, 30-inches of winter-safe airline tubing, an air diffuser, and a high-density styrofoam float for adjusting air stone depth. It is a great kit to have to maintain your pond and fish during the winter months.
This Pondmaster Pump and Filter Kit is the easy and practical way to match a pond filter to the right pump and fountain head for smaller ponds. The kit includes a pump with filter and waterbell fountain head. Ideal for smaller ponds including deck ponds up to 200 gallons. The pump uses only 15 watts of electricity and is equipped with a 10 foot power cord. The filter provides mechanical and biological filtration.Once the unit is not completely submerged it will hum and buzz, once fully submerged it should be quiet Buying pond components piecemeal means you have to know which components are compatible–a tricky proposition for the novice water gardener. This kit packages together the pump, filter, and nozzle so you get it right the first time.
Designed for smaller ponds up to 200 gallons, the pump moves 190 gallons of water per hour for healthier plants and the gentle murmur and ripple of water. The filter keeps larger debris from clogging the pump, and offers biological filtration to convert nasty pathogens into useful nitrates for plants. A waterbell fountain head casts a bell-shape spray across the pond. What’s in the Box
190-gph pump, filter, fountain head, 10-foot cord.
Sarah Woo traveled from Maryland with her boyfriend specifically to walk through a tunnel where rays and reef fish swim overhead. But the unexpected highlight of their visit to the Virginia Aquarium & Marine Science Center on Friday: spiraling 7 miles underwater, to the deepest part of the sea.
Woo, 21, and Seung Lee, 23, watched “Deepsea Challenge,” a documentary about James Cameron’s submarine expedition being shown in the aquarium’s newly refurbished 3-D theater.
Gone is the IMAX brand and large-format film. It’s now a digital experience branded National Geographic.
“It was very realistic; I felt I was a part of it,” Lee said.
Cameron, the Academy Award-winning filmmaker, is a National Geographic explorer-in-residence. The film explains how he wanted to explore the sea since he was a child and built a “submarine” out of a box.
It follows Cameron’s preparations for a solo dive to the bottom of the Mariana Trench in the western Pacific. The 40-minute film will be showing through March.
The Virginia Aquarium held a “film-cutting” ceremony Wednesday, where Deputy Director Cynthia Spanoulis talked about the switch from film to digital.
“Can you imagine having a film canister that’s the size of a Volkswagen Beetle,” she asked the audience of aquarium members and volunteers. “Now it’s the size of a jump drive.”
The change will save $325,000 a year, from maintenance and shipping costs to energy use, she said.
The theater was built in 1996 and has shown hundreds of 3-D and regular films, mostly nature-related. With the switch to digital, the aquarium has more options for its lineup.
“We can show any movie; we’re not beholden to IMAX,” Spanoulis said.
Renovations began after Labor Day. The silver screen was replaced with a white screen accommodating images 43 feet tall and 78 feet wide.
There are 261 cushy seats, with cup-holder armrests that can be raised for more room or hand-holding, and six handicapped-accessible spaces.
The new sound system is crisp – so much so that when Cameron climbs into the submarine and the hatch door closes, the contrast from nervous dialogue to sudden silence is thrilling.
“When they’re sound testing in the morning, my whole chest is just vibrating,” said Tammy Berkebile, who checked guest tickets Friday.
After the film, Woo and Lee chatted with other audience members about the theater renovations.
“I like the color of the floor,” said Sherie Coleman of Norfolk. “It’s different from all of the other blues. It’s like …”
“The sea,” Lee said. “The deep sea.”
Stacy Parker, 757-222-5125, email@example.com
Superior pellet diet for all pond fish. High utilization protein process and inclusion of zeolite results in cleaner, clearer water. Reduces water pollution and helps establish a clean & healthy pond environment. Plus high palatability from polychaete worms and bound amino acids.
(NEW YORK) — Cosmetic surgery and marine animals don’t normally go together, but one fish had some work done to help him thrive at the Vancouver Aquarium.
The rockfish underwent special surgery to have a glass eye implanted.
After the fish had its original eye removed because of cataracts, the medical team was worried it might get attacked.
The head veterinarian at the Vancouver Aquarium, Dr. Martin Haulena, affixed a special taxidermy eye to the fish while the animal was put under anesthesia.
In a video of the procedure, Haulena said the surgery is more than just cosmetic.
“We do find when fish are blind from one eye and has no visible eye, other fish recognize that and will kind of attack from that side,” said Haulena.
A spokeswoman for the aquarium confirmed the fish was doing much better after the surgery.
Copyright © 2015, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.
TotalPond’s spitters deliver beautifully sculpted, detailed spitters that will enhance any water garden or pond. Our spitters will provide aeration while giving your pond a unique sense of whimsey and individuality.
The new Perfect Climate line from K&H Manufacturing has reinvented the wheel when it comes to keeping ice free water available in winter ponds. Every K&H de-icer is safe in all ponds, unlike many of the other de-icers available in the market today. Every one of our de-icers can be used as a floating de-icer out of the box or in seconds converts to a submersible de-icer with the click of a button. In the past, all that was readily available were energy gulping 1000 watt to 1500 watt de-icers; pond owners had no choice but to purchase these expensive to run de-icers, even when they didn-foott need it. We-footve solved this problem by creating a whole line of de-icers along with a convenient zone chart for consumers to choose the correct de-icer, every time. When it comes to ice free ponds, K&H Perfect Climate is the choice that makes cents.
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Why we say it is better than stretched canvas print? 1)We use PVC film instead of canvas.? This increases the apparent resolution and color gamut and allows smoother gradient transitions. 2)We use 1″ Special Structure MDF panels instead of wooden bars. This?can totally prevent the printing media slack-off. 3)We use special waterproof protecting plastic film instead of varnish. This makes against from the moisture and UV.
<p class=”bold allcaps”>N.C. Aquarium at Fort Fisher honors employees</p> <p>KURE BEACH | The <a href=”http://www.starnewsonline.com/section/topic13″><b>N.C. Aquarium at Fort Fisher</b></a> recently honored two employees – Casey Radley and Ryan Tomb – for making the aquarium a better place to work and visit.</p><p>Radley, the aquarium registrar, won the 2014 Sea Star Award for outstanding job performance. She started working at the aquarium in 2010 as an outreach instructor in the Education Department. She also served as a special activities instructor, working with summer campers and giving behind-the-scenes tours. </p><p>She became the registrar in August 2012. As registrar, Radley coordinates field trips, group visits and special event registration.</p><p>Tomb won the 2014 Customer Service Award for his positive attitude and impact on co-workers and visitors. He joined the aquarium team in 2013 as a security officer.</p><h3>Brigade Boys & Girls Club participants recognized</h3> <p>WILMINGTON | Brigade Boys & Girls Club recently received regional honors by Buffalo Wild Wings ALL STARS for the 2014 flag football season. </p><p>Club member Tyquan Williamson, a sixth-grade student at Williston Middle School, was honored as the Southeast Regional Athlete of the Year. </p><p>Tyquan was nominated based on his good attitude, humble spirit, athletic ability and respect for others. He also scored a touchdown in each game of the season, and helped lead his team to be runner-up in the Super Bowl, where he scored two touchdowns. </p><p>Vernaye Taggart was honored as the Southeast Regional Parent of the Year. Over the past three years, Taggart has played a very active role in the club. She has two children who attend the brigade and has volunteered with special events, assisted with homework, coached flag football, and assisted with the brigade’s cheerleading program. She also recruited the flag football coaches.</p><p>The winners were nominated by Mike Capps, Brigade Boys & Girls Club athletic director, and represent the Southeast Region.</p><h3>McCrory announces appointment of Shipley</h3> <p>WILMINGTON | The Office of Gov. Pat McCrory announced the appointment of Edward Shipley III of New Hanover County to the N.C. Capital Facilities Finance Agency board of directors.</p><p>Shipley works for Smith Moore Leatherwood LLP, with a focus on commercial real estate transactions and real estate finance.</p><p>The board provides the benefits of tax-exempt financing to private institutions of higher education in North Carolina. The term length is four years.</p><p>To include your organization’s news, send items to New.Hanover@StarNewsOnline.com. Items should be submitted two weeks in advance of event.</p>
Well, what discussion of Koi Nutrition would be comprehensive unless we talked about the Koi’s more jocular behaviors of eating fry, frogs as well as each other? A lot more wonderful compared to fact, right here are some points you may not know.
Big Koi and huge frogs:
in the Spring, there’s these little frogs called Springtime peepers. You could here them in reduced areas of your yard or the timbers, living in pools. In the cool months of Springtime they spawn as well as lay strands of eggs. And occasionally, they enter your pool, and a huge Koi captures one. Or, like at my store, all the Koi capture one. And so you get up in the morning and all your Koi have a set of frog legs standing out of their mouths and also they like the taste pretty good, but they cannot work it down. So they swim about with the frogs in their mouths like pacifiers. Several of the biggest fish could get the frogs down, some ultimately spit them out and you need to net them out or they will degeneration and mistake.
Koi in containers with Oscars:
I viewed 2 various circumstances of comparable kind. A huge fish tank with the not likely tank friends of Oscar Cichlids * and * Koi. The Koi were at first earned as real-time food for the Oscars instead of Goldfish or guppies. Nevertheless, the Koi eluded the Oscars as well as, as Americans constantly pull for the underdog, the Koi were enabled to stay in the storage tank with the Oscars. However the gentlemen keeping the Oscars were just actually “keeping” the Oscars (Best of luck, Koi!) so the meals being put in the container was suited for the Oscars: either worms or little fish. To endure, the Koi ended up being very reliable and relentless guppy and also goldfish eaters. Habituate or starve. I’ve constantly claimed that.
Koi fry and the Cannibals:
Ultimately, you should recognize this about baby Koi. A momma Koi will lay lots of 10s of hundreds of eggs each spawn. And her babies will be extremely numerous. And also these fry mature at varying rates. The brownish solid-colored children will certainly develop faster compared to the bright solid-colored fish as well as these infants will grow faster than any kind of 2 or three tinted fish. So it happens that often you view many much-larger child fish in a spawn swimming about with a tiny sibling tail in its mouth. These cannibals eat prodigiously and also the more they consume the larger they obtain and also the much faster they arrive. So breeders recognize to get rid of these cannibals. If you do not you will certainly have a great collection of Ogons and also no multicolored fish in a spawn. So Koi can be cannibalistic when they’re fry. Later on in life, it would certainly be exceptionally rare to view a big Koi consume a little one.
Sea turtles have a new icon, an olive ridley turtle, dubbed “Solstice,” currently recovering at the Oregon Coast Aquarium (OCA) in Newport, Or. Found stranded on the Long Beach Peninsula on the winter solstice, hence her name, she was dehydrated and hypothermic after presumably being swept by storm currents from the warm waters of her natural habitat to the chilly waters of the Pacific Northwest coast. She is making a remarkable comeback and officials hope to release her back to the wild after several months of rehabilitation.
The Seaside Aquarium carried out the rescue but transferred her to the Oregon facility where the larger staff is better equipped and more experienced at providing the specialized care that she needs to recover. Her body temperature had fallen to 60 degrees when Samantha Milner of Ocean Park, Wa. and her boyfriend discovered the stranded sea turtle while beach combing after a storm. Normal body temperature for sea turtles is 75 degrees.
The pair suspected she may be an endangered species. Aquarium officials confirmed that olive ridley sea turtles, while more populous than green or leatherback turtles, are in fact threatened and some subspecies endangered. They emphasize that her survival and rehabilitation is critical to the continuance of the species given her reproductive potential as a relatively young female.
Olive ridley turtles tend to be smaller than other sea turtles at an average size of two to 2.5 feet in length and 80 to 110 pounds in weigh for a fully grown adult. Solstice measures 42 inches and 41.5 pounds and is considered a “sub-adult.” The characteristic olive colored heart-shaped shells give the species its name. They typically live about 50 years in the wild.
The typical range for olive ridley turtles is in the tropical seas along the southern coast of California and South America, but marine enthusiasts can spot them in the warmer regions of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Each year some sea turtles get caught up in a current that carries them further north, causing hypothermia from the unaccustomed colder waters, according to OCA spokesperson, Erin Paxton. The sea turtles take quite a battering from the stormy waves and arrive much the worse for the wear. Many do not make it out alive and finding one usually means others are nearby or on their way. A dead sea turtle was found near Fort Stevens on Christmas Eve with another showing up on Dec. 29. Marine biologists expect more.
Solstice’s care team at the aquarium has conducted tests and found no signs of infection, declaring her to be stronger than most sea turtles they have rescued in the area. Her rehab plan includes hydration baths and fluids to combat the dehydration, practice swims and a gradual restoration of her normal body temperature. So far she has gained 12 degrees while in the OCA’s care and Paxton reports that she is a “very special patient.”
Aquarium officials have high hopes that Solstice will make a full recovery after several months of treatment and rehabilitation at the Oregon aquarium. If her health continues to improve and federal authorities at the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) approve her release back to the wild, the aquarium would transport her to her native warmer southern waters before attempting to let her rejoin the wild sea turtle population.
By Tamara Christine Van Hooser
Fish – Koi Indoor or Outdoor Mat 18×27 Doormat INDOOR / OUTDOOR FLOOR MAT 18 inch by 27 inch Action Back Felt Floor Mat / Carpet / Rug that is Made and Printed in the USA. A Black binding tape is sewn around the mat for durability and to nicely frame the artwork. The mat has been permenantly dyed for moderate traffic and can be placed inside or out (only under a covered space). Durable and fade resistant. The back of the mat is rubber backed to keep the mat from slipping on a smooth floor. Wash with soap & water. NOTICE ABOUT COMBINING ITEMS: Multiple items may be purchased through the shopping cart. Most items are charged a per item shipping fee. If all items are purchased and paid for at the same time, we will combine them for shipping by the least expensive method. We will then issue a refund to your account for any overpayment. NOTICE ABOUT ITEMS THAT ARE PERSONALIZED: Any items that are to be personalized must include the iformation for the personalization. You can do this by sending a message immediately after completing the order or by using the gift instructions on the checkout page. Without the personalization informtation your order will be delayed in shipping. Thank you for shopping with us and we look forward to doing business with you often.